California State University, Long Beach
Policy Statement
91-01

January 25, 1991

BACHELOR OF ARTS IN LIBERAL STUDIES

The Liberal Studies major provides a rich, rigorous and integrated cross-disciplinary liberal arts program of study to meet the differing but related needs of two distinct populations: (1) Those with professional aspirations in the field of elementary education and (2) Those with more varied professional aspirations and career goals who would prefer a sound generalist program of study to one requiring early specialization.

The program of study for the Liberal Studies Major is composed of two parts: A Core and a Concentration. There are two program tracks in the Liberal Studies Major, each with its own Core and related Concentrations.

Track I of the Liberal Studies Program is designed for those individuals who seek the preprofessional subject matter preparation for elementary school teaching consistent with the standards established by the California Commission on Teacher Credentialing.

Track II of the Liberal Studies Program is designed for those individuals who seek a rich, nonspecialized, multidimensional and cross-disciplinary course of studies as a foundation for a wide range of academic and career opportunities.

I.TRACK I (code 2-0100)

The minimum unit requirement for the Liberal Studies Major, Track I, is 116 units which includes both Core and Concentration. University General Education requirements are satisfied upon completion of the requirements of this major.

The Track I Core consists of a minimum of 101 units distributed across six areas: I. Language Studies (minimum 22 units); II. Mathematics (minimum 9 units); III. Natural Sciences (minimum 13 units); IV. History and Social Sciences (minimum 24 units); V. Arts and Humanities (minimum 15 units) and VI. Learning and Well- Being (minimum 18 units).

The Track I Concentration consists of 15-16 units of integrated course work in a thematic area of inquiry complementary to the Core and consistent with the professional goals of those in this track. Twelve of these units will be at the upper division (300- 400) level.

REQUIREMENTS FOR THE BACHELOR OF ARTS IN LIBERAL STUDIES:

TRACK I (code 2-0100)

CORE: A minimum of 101 units distributed as specified in Areas I, II, III, IV, V and VI.

AREA I: LANGUAGE STUDIES (minimum 22 units)
Group 1. Composition in English: a) Choose one course from ASAM 170, B/ST 170, ENGL 100, <R> MEXA 104; b) ENGL 309

Group 2. Oral Communication in English: Choose one course from SPCH 130, SPCH 335

Group 3. Literature in English: a) Choose one course from C/LT 230, ENGL 180, 250A, 250B, 370A, 370B; b) Choose one course from ENGL 481, SPCH 352

Group 4. Language Acquisition: EITHER choose one course from a) OR b). a) ANTH 329, C/D 329, 361, EDP 454, LING 329, PSY 329; b) CHIN 331A, 331B, FREN 201A, 201B, GERM 201A, 201B, ITAL 201A, 201B, JAPN 331A, 331B, RUSS 201A, 201B, SPAN 201A, 201B (Students with more advanced language competencies substitute appropriate higher level language courses for those listed here.)

Group 5. Integration and Assessment: HUM 400

AREA II. MATHEMATICS (minimum 9 units)

Group 1. Real Numbers: MATH 110
Group 2. Higher Math: Choose one course from MATH 111, 122
Group 3. Integration and Assessment: HUM 402

AREA III. NATURAL SCIENCES (minimum 13 units)

Group 1. Life Science: BIOL 200
Group 2. Physical Science: PHSC 112
Group 3. Earth Science: Choose one course (and lab) from GEOL 102 + 104, GEOL 103 + 104

Group 4. Integration and Assessment: NSCI 401

AREA IV. HISTORY AND SOCIAL SCIENCES (minimum 24 units)

A. American History, Culture, Society
Group 1. U.S. History: a) Choose one course from HIST 172, 300; b) HIST 473

Group 2. American Institutions: Choose one course from POSC 100, 391, *POSC 326 (POSC 326 is required of and limited to students who have met the U.S. Constitution requirement out-of-state but who must meet the California State and Local Government requirement.)

Group 3. Multicultural Dimensions: Choose one course from AIS 319, AMST 319, ANTH 421, ASAM 319, B/ST 319, MEXA 319, SBS 320, SOC 445, W/ST 319

B. World History, Culture, Society
Group 1. Geography: GEOG 100
Group 2. World History: Choose one course from HIST 110, 111, 112
Group 3. Cultural Anthropology: Choose one course from ANTH 120, 314, 412I
Group 5. Integration and Assessment: SBS 403

AREA V. ARTS AND HUMANITIES (minimum 15 units)

A. Visual and Performing Arts
Group 1. Visual Art and Music: a) ART 300; b) MUS 180
Group 2. Dance or Theatre: Choose one course from C/LT 124, 324I, DANC 379, THEA 113, 122, 124, 324I

B. Humanities
Group 1. Ethics, Values and Beliefs: Choose one course from PHIL 100, 160, 203, 204, 305, R/ST 100, 291, 485
Group 2. Integration and Assessment: HUM-SFA 404

Area VI. LEARNING AND WELL-BEING (minimum 18 units)
Group 1. Growth and Development: a) PSY 100; b) Choose one course from EDP 301, HDEV 307I, PSY 361
Group 2. Health and Well-Being: a) HSC 411A; b) PED 476
Group 3. Access to Learning: a) Choose one course from ASAM 190, ENGL 200, HIST 201, PHIL 170, PSY 230, SPCH 131, *USP 100 (USP 100 is limited to those students in the University Honors Program); <R> b) Choose one course from ENGL 337, EDST 450, MATH 278

CONCENTRATION: A minimum of 15 units, 12 of which must be at the
upper division (300-400) level, in one of the approved thematic programs of study identified below:

BILINGUAL-SPANISH/ENGLISH : Subject preparation for a Multiple Subjects Teaching Credential with a bilingual, cross cultural emphasis requires students to demonstrate proficiency in a targeted language and understanding of the culture history of a targeted group. This Concentration focuses on the Spanish language and Mexican culture to be consistent with the chosen bilingual emphasis of the credential program at CSULB. The primary subject matter focus of this Concentration is on the necessary language skills, although opportunity is provided for those students with demonstrated language proficiency to focus more on Mexican culture studies. (The following CORE courses are highly recommended for students choosing this concentration: MEXA 319 in Area IV, Group A3; ANTH 412I in Area IV, Group B3; EDP 301 in Area VI, Group 1b.)

Area 1. Language Foundations: SPAN 312, 313, 322
Area 2. Selected Upper Division Study: Choose either Group A or Group B to complete six units. <R> Group A. Language Studies: MEXA 402, 420; Group B. Culture Studies: Choose one course from (a) and one course from (b): a) Humanities: Choose from MEXA 310, 405; b) Social Studies: Choose from MEXA 300/HIST 470, MEXA 350/SOC 340. With advisor approval, students who can demonstrate Spanish language proficiency at the SPAN 313 level may have SPAN 312 and 313 waived as specific requirements, applying the units to additional culture study. MEXA 340 and 420 are recommended in addition to Group B in Area II for these students.

CONTEMPORARY WORLD : We live in a complex world with many problems of a global or near global nature. This concentration introduces students to the nature and problems confronted in the contemporary world and to major issues in the social sciences from a global (macro) perspective. (No more than 3 units of lower division (100-200) course work may apply toward the Concentration.)
Area 1. Overview: Choose two courses from ECON 368, POSC 220, 306, SOC 100, 142, 327
Area 2. Development and Ideology: Choose one course from ANTH 307I, B/ST 304, GEOG 307I, 460, HIST 307I, POSC 461I, 494I, SBS 319I, SOC 350, 410I
Area 3. Inequality and Social Change: Choose one course from ANTH 305I, B/ST 404, HIST 303I, 438, POSC 303, 412, 455, SOC 420, 445, 450, W/ST 425
Area 4. Conflict and Deviance: Choose one course from B/ST 332, POSC 371, 483, PSY 300I, SBS 317I, SOC 345, 423, 441I, 461I, 463, W/ST 430 (No more than one course from Areas 2, 3, 4 may be taken in any one department.)

CULTURES, VALUES AND BELIEFS : Focus on humanistic study of cultural traditions, both Western and non-Western, and the values and beliefs that have shaped them. Insight will be gained into motivating and orienting intellectual ideas that have given meaning to human life and structured human relationships. Special attention is given to philosophical, religious and ethical perspectives. (No course used to meet the requirements of the Core may be used to meet the requirements of the Concentration; no more than 3 units of lower division (100-200) course work may apply toward the Concentration.)
Area 1. Western Culture: Choose one course from AMST 350I, 477A, 477B, CLSC 310I, C/LT 349I, 420I, HIST 310I, 331, 335, 337, 339, 400I, 414I, 477A, 477B, HUM 350I, MUS 365I, PHYS 400I, R/ST 316
Area 2. Non-Western Cultures: Choose one course from ANTH 321,323, 324, 331, 332, 333, 335, 336, A/ST 300I, 301I, 495I, HIST 441, 382A, 382B, 383A, 383B, 385, 431, 461, MEXA 380, RUSS 410
Area 3. Values and Beliefs/Western: Choose one course from HIST 438, 482I, PHIL 100, 203, 204, 330, 342, 352, 361, R/ST 111, 324, 383I, 391, 396, 425I, 482I, 485
Area 4. Values and Beliefs/Non-Western: Choose one course from AIS 320, ASAM 380, B/ST 353, PHIL 306, 307, R/ST 152, 331I, 341I, 343, 344, 351
Area 5. Ethical Values: Choose one course from HUM 302I, MICRO 302I, PHIL 160, 360, 363

FOREIGN LANGUAGE: Provides opportunity for students to gain access to advanced preparation in reading, writing and speaking a selected language other than English. Provides insights into second language acquisition and the intimate relationship between language, cognition and culture. (Students select one language in which to complete the following requirements.)
Area 1. Advanced Language Studies: Choose two courses from CHIN 441A, 441B, FREN 312A, 312B, GERM 301, 302, ITAL 312A,312B, JAPN 441A, 441B, RUSS 312, 399, SPAN 312, 313
Area 2. Conversation: Choose one course from CHIN 490, FREN 214, GERM 305, ITAL 214, JAPN 405A, RUSS 205B, SPAN 314
Area 3. Literature: Choose one course from CHIN 370, FREN 335, 336, GERM 315, 316, ITAL 490, JAPN 370, RUSS 310, SPAN 330, 341
Area 4. Additional Study: Choose one course from CHIN 490, FREN 314, 411, 414, GERM 303, 401, ITAL 314, 490, JAPN 350, 405B, 460, RUSS 314, 499, SPAN 322, 425

HEALTH, PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND LIFE MANAGEMENT: Provides students with a breadth and depth of knowledge, attitudes and behaviors that prepares them in the areas of health, physical education and fitness, mental health, family life and nutrition. The areas of emphasis include substance use and abuse, family life/health and sexuality education, nutrition, violence prevention (including child abuse and suicide prevention), physical activity and fitness, motor skills and stress management. (Credit in the Concentration will be granted for either HSC 425I or HEC 419, but not both.)
Area 1. Health: Choose one course from HSC 421, 423, 425I, 427, 433
Area 2. Physical Education: PED 477
Area 3. Life Management Skills: Choose one course from HEC 232, 319, 419, REC 482
Area 4. Additional Selected Study: Choose two additional courses from those listed in Areas 1 and 3 above.

HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES: Prepares students in the subjects identified in the new History-Social Science Framework for California Public Schools which provides the rationale and coherence for this course work. Emphasis is upon historical perspective not only in terms of Western/American tradition, but also in terms of other world societies and people. (The following Core courses are recommended for students choosing this concentration: HIST 110 in Area IV, B2; ANTH 314 in Area IV, B3 and either SBS 320 (or equivalent AIS 319, AMST 319, ASAM 319, B/ST 319, MEXA 319, W/ST 319) or SOC 445 in Area IV, A3.)
Area 1. Peoples of the World: Choose one course from ANTH 321, 323, 324, 331, 332, 333, 335, GEOG 310I, 312I, 316, 318, 320I, 326
Area 2. Ancient World Civilizations: Choose one course from ANTH 313, 345, 347, A/ST 300I, HIST 313, 314, 316, 382A, POSC 301
Area 3. U.S. Emerges as a Nation: Choose one course from HIST 372, 373, 375, 477A, HIST 485A, W/ST 485A
Area 4. California: Choose one course from ANTH 322, 349, GEOG 303, GEOG 304, HIST 470, MEXA 300, POSC 326
Area 5. American Society Today: Choose one course from GEOG 306, 466, HIST 380, 474I, W/ST 307

HUMAN BEHAVIOR: Provides an understanding of basic principles underlying human behavior. Why do people interpret, believe, feel think and act as they do? Basic issues include: How people process information and how they organize what they learn into knowledge structures; processes in social learning; how people influence other people and individual differences in ability and personality that affect behavior. These principles will be applied to specific issues in courses selected from a broad range of disciplines. (Credit in the Concentration will be granted for either PSY 351 or SOC 335I, but not for both.)
Area 1. Basic Principles: Choose two courses from ANTH 311I, PSY 351, 356, 370, SOC 100, 335I
Area 2. Application/Race and Ethnicity: Choose one course from ASAM 340, B/ST 310, 325, 410, W/ST 310
Area 3. Application/Gender Roles: Choose one course from ANTH 351, HIST 309I, PSY 352, 354, PSY 366/HEC 358, SOC 325, W/ST 314, 325, 420
Area 4. Application/Social Environments: Choose one course from ANTH 436, ECON 309I, FIN 309I, HEC 309I, HIST 408, HEC 410, HSC 421, POSC 428, PSY 381, SOC 320, 336

HUMAN/CHILD DEVELOPMENT: Provides students with a background in the developmental issues of children, adolescents and adults within a family and social context. Specific areas focus on the biological, intellectual and socio-emotional development of individuals from birth through aging and the effects of the near environment on their development. Factors which effect individual variability in growth and development such as gender, family, racial, ethnic and cultural differences will be explored. (The following Core courses are REQUIRED for students selecting this Concentration: SBS 320 (or equivalent AIS 319, AMST 319, ASAM 319, B/ST 319, MEXA 319, W/ST 319) in Area IV, Group A3; ANTH 120 in Area IV, B3.)
Area 1. Biological, Intellectual, Social Development: Choose one course from A/P 400, EDP 305, HEC 314, PSY 463
Area 2. Adult Development: Choose one course from GERN 400I, HDEV 357I, PSY 365, SOC 464
Area 3. The Child in the Family: Choose one course from ASAM 340, B/ST 410, HEC 319, 412, 413, SOC 423
Area 4. Social Ecology of Child Development: Choose two courses from B/ST 420, 425, CD 361, EDP 302, 350, HEC 411, 430, HDEV 401, MEXA 350/SOC 340, NRSG 481I, SOC 345

HUMANITIES THROUGH LITERATURE: Provides study in humanistic thought as it emerges in various literary traditions. Some of the questions raised are the following: How have great ideas found their way into literature? How have societies been defined by their literature? What are the connections between writers, their literature and the societies for which they speak? Focus is on literary forms, themes and traditions within a cross-cultural and world perspective. Provides for greater understanding of various cultures and their literature as well as a finer appreciation of literature as documentation of the highest aspirations of the human spirit. (No course used for credit in the Core may be used for credit in the Concentration. No more than 3 units of lower division (100-200) course work may apply toward the Concentration.)
Area 1. English Traditions/English Literature: Choose one course from ENGL 363, 455, 456, 458, 462, 467A, 467B
Area 2. English Traditions/American Literature: Choose one course from ENGL 370A, 370B, 474, 476, 477A, 477B
Area 3. World Traditions: Choose one course from CHIN 370, C/LT 234, 330A, 330B, 403, 440, FREN 335, 336, GERM 315, 316, 470, JAPN 370, RUSS 310, SPAN 300, 330, 341
Area 4. Other Voices and Traditions: Choose one course from AIS 340, B/ST 140, 343, C/LT 404, ENGL 382, 498 (Images ofBlacks in American Literature), MEXA 405, W/ST 382
Area 5. Other Forms and Genres: Choose one course from B/ST 346, C/LT 342, 401, 402, 410, 452, 453, ENGL 481, 482, JOUR315, R/ST 494

LANGUAGE ARTS: Provides students with special appreciation for languages, literatures and their relation to culture through study in three areas: Language perspectives, which involves the study of languages (and/or language) and their relationships to literary and cultural patterns; theory and/or criticism which provides the theoretical tools for the analysis and explanation of those relationships and language process which involves additional practice in the creative and technical aspects of producing linguistic products. (The following Core courses are highly recommended for students selecting this Concentration: SPCH 335 in Area I, Group 2; ANTH 412I in Area IVB, Group 3; PHIL 100, 160, 203, 204 or 305 in Area VB, Group 1; and ENGL 200 in Area VI, Group 3a. No more than 3 units of lower division (100- 200) course work may apply toward the Concentration.)
Area 1. Language and Culture: Choose one course from ANTH 413, 470, ANTH/W/ST 475, B/ST 180, 375, ENGL 423, 426, HUM 363I, SOC 485I, SPCH 309, 451
Area 2. Language and Literature: Choose one course from AIS 340, A/ST 320, B/ST 140, 343, C/LT 403, 404, 410, 440, 453, CHIN 370, CLSC 291, ENGL 382, 431, FREN 335, 336, GERM 315, 316, 470, JAPN 370, MEXA 405, RUSS 310, SPAN 330, 341, W/ST 382
Area 3. Language/Theory and Criticism: Choose one course from C/LT 361, ENGL 318I, 384, 410, 484, PHIL 361, 484, R/ST 301, RTVF 318I, SPCH 300, 301, 306, 333, THEA 426
Area 4. Language and Process: Choose one course from B/ST 450, ENGL 205, 206, 317, 405, 406, 417, SPCH 331, 358, THEA 380, 480
Area 5. Additional Study: Choose one additional course fromthose listed in Areas 1, 2, 3 or 4 above.

MATHEMATICS: Provides advanced study of mathematics consistent with the philosophy of the California Framework in Mathematics and the Standards of the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics for the mathematics content taught through the middle grades. (The following Core courses are REQUIRED selections for students choosing this Concentration: MATH 122 in Area II, Group 2; MATH 278 in Area VI, Group 3b.)
Area 1. Calculus: MATH 123
Area 2. Geometry: MATH 355
Area 3. Additional Selected Study: Choose three courses from MATH *310, 311, 317, 340, *341 (*Especially recommended for those considering adding on a Single Subjects Mathematics Credential at a later time.) A maximum of one other upper division mathematics course may be substituted for one of the courses in Area 3 with advisor's permission.

NATURAL SCIENCE: Assures a broad knowledge base across the natural sciences with focus upon areas of immediate scientific importance and human concern especially relevant to those who seek to become elementary school teachers. Will provide students with fundamental skills and an ability to deal confidently with a wide variety of scientific viewpoints applied to various important issues, as well as concrete and significant examples of scientific thinking. Students are exposed to chemistry as taught by chemists, to molecular or microbiological (micro) systems, the biology of large scale (macro) systems and to physics. (Students should complete all lower division Core requirements in Area III, Groups 1, 2, 3 and in Area II, Groups 1 and 2 prior to entering upper division Concentration work.)
Area 1. Foundation Chemistry: CHEM 200
Area 2. Micro-Systems: Choose one course from CHEM 300, MICR 300I, 301
Area 3. Macro-Systems: Choose one course from A/P 308I, 400, BIOL 328
Area 4. Physical Science: Choose one course from PHSC 331, 491
Area 5. Additional Selected Study: Choose one course from GEOL 340, HIST 400I, HUM 302I, MICR 302I, NSCI 375I, 376I, 377I, PHYS 400I

U.S. MULTICULTURAL STUDIES: Students should learn from their earliest school years that our nation is composed of people whose backgrounds are rooted in cultures from around the world, and they should develop respect for the dignity of all people and ways of life. This Concentration will help potential teachers to recognize that the history of community, state, region and nation must reflect the experiences of men and women of different racial, religious and ethnic groups in our pluralistic society. (The following Core course is a REQUIRED selection for students choosing this Concentration: SBS 320 (or equivalent AIS 319, AMST 319, ASAM 319, B/ST 319, MEXA 319, W/ST 319) in Area IV, Group A3. No more than 3 units of lower division (100-200) course work may applied toward the Concentration.)
Area 1. Education in an Ethnic Perspective: Choose one coursefrom AIS 361, ASAM 310, B/ST 420, MEXA 340
Area 2. Multicultural Perspectives: Choose one course from ANTH 412I, 421, HEC 336, HDEV 401, HIST 469, SPCH 451, W/ST 401I
Area 3. Ethnic Studies: No more than one course may be selected from any one department. Choose three courses from AIS 100, 101, 200, 320, 340, 420, ASAM 220, 340, 345, 350, 370, 380, B/ST 110, 180, 370, 400, 410, 422, MEXA 300/HIST 470, MEXA 310, MEXA 350/SOC 340, MEXA 352/SOC 341, MEXA 390I, 400

VISUAL AND PERFORMING ARTS: Allows students to develop skills in responding to the arts as well as in creating and performing. Courses will also examine the history of traditional Western fine arts as well as the role the arts play in another cultural tradition. All four components of the California Framework for the Visual and Performing Arts are addressed: Aesthetic perception, creative expression, arts heritage and aesthetic valuing. (If DANC 379 was taken in the Core, students should select ART 302 and MUS 385A and a Theatre course in the Concentration.)
Area 1. Perception, Expression, Heritage, Valuing: Choose two courses from ART 302, DANC 379, MUS 385A
Area 2. Fine Arts History: (If a Theatre course was taken in the Core and DANC 379 not taken in Area 1, include at least one Dance course here.) Choose two courses from ART/MUS 375I, ART 401, 408, 409, 410, 416, 417, 423, 424, 425, 426, 427, 436, 437, C/LT/THEA 421I, 422I, DANC 435, MUS 363I, 364I, 390, 393,THEA 346
Area 3. Multicultural and Ethnic Arts: Choose one course from AIS 320, 420, ART 335, 455, 456, 457, 466, 467, 468, 469, 470, B/ST 346, 360, 361, 363, C/LT/THEA 325, 326, DANC 318, MUS490
II.TRACK II (code 2-0200)
Students in this track are required to complete a Core Program (87 units minimum) and a Concentration (24 to 27 units). A minimum of six units of interdisciplinary course work (courses with an I suffix) must be completed in the major<197>in either the Core, the Concentration or a combination of both. Course work used to meet the specific requirements of the Core may also be used to meet the specific requirements of a Concentration to a maximum of 12 units of such "double counting". (Although one course may satisfy two requirements at the same time, the units earned apply to the total units required for the degree only once.) Minimum units for the Liberal Studies major, Track II, could vary therefore from 99-111 units. University General Education requirements are satisfied upon completion of this major.

The Track II Core consists of a minimum of 87 units distributed across seven areas: I. Language/Communication Studies (minimum 18 units); II. Natural Science and Mathematics (minimum 18 units); III. National and World Citizenship (minimum 18 units); IV. Social and Behavioral Science Foundations (minimum 9 units); V. Literary, Visual and Performing Arts (minimum 12 units); VI. Cultures, Values, Beliefs (minimum 9 units) and VII. Health, Well-Being, Life Management (minimum 3 units).

The Track II Concentration consists of 24-27 units of course work in a selected discipline. A minimum of 15 of the Concentration units will be in upper division (300-400) course work with the exception of the Biology, Geology and Mathematics Concentrations where only 12 upper division units are required.

REQUIREMENTS FOR THE BACHELOR OF ARTS IN LIBERAL STUDIES:

TRACK II (code 2-0200)

CORE: A minimum of 87 units as specified in Areas I, II, III, IV, V, VI and VII.

AREA I: LANGUAGE AND COMMUNICATION STUDIES (minimum 18 units)
Group 1. Composition in English: a) Choose one course from ASAM 170, B/ST 170, ENGL 100, MEXA 104; b) Choose one course from B/ST 450, ENGL 101, ENGL 205, 206, 300, 317, 407, 417, 418, THEA 380
Group 2. Oral Communication in English: Choose one course from SPCH 130, 132, 210 + 210W, 331, 334, 335
Group 3. Language and Critical Thought: Choose one course from ASAM 190, ENGL 200, HIST 201, PHIL 170, PSY 230, SPCH 131, *USP 100 (*USP 100 is limited to students in the University Scholars Program)
Group 4. Foreign Language Study: Complete a two semester sequence in one language from CHIN 221A-B, 331A-B, FREN 101A-B, 201A-B, GERM 101A-B, 201A-B, GK 221A-B, 331A-B, ITAL 101A-B, 201A-B, JAPN 221A-B, 331A-B, LAT 221A-B, 331A-B, RUSS 101A-B, 201A-B, SPAN 101A-B, 201A-B (Students with more advanced language competencies substitute appropriate higher level language courses for those listed here.

AREA II. NATURAL SCIENCE AND MATHEMATICS (minimum 18 units)
Group 1. Mathematics: Choose two courses from MATH 103, 112, 114, 115B, 115S, 116, 117, 122, 123
Group 2. Natural Sciences: a) Choose one course from A/P 107, 207, BIOL 200, 206, 210A, MICR 100 + 100L; b) Choose one course from ASTR 100 + 100L, 101, CHEM 100, 111A, 200, GEOL 102 + 104 or 105, GEOL 103 + 104 or 105, PHYS 100A, PHYS 151, PHYS 104, PHSC 112
Group 3. Additional Study in Science or Math: Choose two courses, at least one of which is at the upper division (300-400) level, from any of the courses listed in Area II, Groups 1 and 2, not completed above, or from: A/P 308I, 400, 401, ASTR 200A, BIOL 201, 210B, BIOL 308/PSY 346, BIOL 328, CHEM 300, GEOG 140, GEOL 160, 160 + 160L, 163, 190, 191, 340, MATH 224, 233, 247, 310, 317, 330, 340, 341, 355, 370A, 380, MICR 101, 300, 301, MICR/HUM 302I, NSCI 375I, 376I, 377I, PHYS 100B, 152, PHYS/HIST 400I, PHSC 331, PHSC/MUS491

AREA III. NATIONAL AND WORLD CITIZENSHIP (minimum 18 units)
Group 1. Basic Studies: a) Choose one course from HIST 172, 173, 300; b) Choose one course from POSC 100, 391, *326 (*POSC 326 is limited to students who have completed a U.S. Government course in a state other than California and must meet Title V state and local government requirements); (c) Choose one course from ECON 300, 303, 368
Group 2. U.S. Diversity: Choose one course from AIS 319, AMST 319, ASAM 200, 319, 350, B/ST 210, 319, 325, HIST 469, MEXA 319, 350, 352, SBS 320, SOC 340, 352, 445, W/ST 319
Group 3. National Citizenship: Choose one course from B/ST 381, GEOG 466, HIST 474I, POSC 308, 327, 328, 420, 482, 486, PSY 375, SPCH 442
Group 4. World Citizenship: Choose one course from ANTH 307I, 314, B/ST 304, GEOG 307I, 470, HIST 307I, 478, PHIL 351, POSC 215, 220, 306, 348, 371, 483, SOC 350

AREA IV. SOCIAL AND BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE FOUNDATIONS (minimum 9 units)
Group 1. Psychology/Sociology: Choose one course from PSY 100, SOC 100, 142
Group 2. Geography/Anthropology: Choose one course from ANTH 120, GEOG 100
Group 3. History: Choose one course from HIST 110, 111, 112, 131, 132

AREA V: LITERARY, VISUAL AND PERFORMING ARTS (minimum 12 units)
Group 1. Visual and Performing Arts: Choose two courses from two different arts from AIS 320, ART 110, 112A, 112B, 113A, 113B, 335, ART/MUS 375I, B/ST 155, 160, 346, 363, DANC 200, 435I, MUS 190, 290, 363I, 364I, MUS/PHIL 378, MUS 390, 490, THEA 113, 122, THEA/C/LT 124, 324I, 421I
Group 2. Literature: a) Choose one course from B/ST 140, C/LT 230, 234, ENGL 180, 184, 250A, 250B, MEXA 205; b) Choose one course from AIS 340, B/ST 343, CHIN 370, C/LT 330A, 330B, 342, 346, 401, 403, 404, 430, 440, ENGL 363, 370A, 370B, 382, 385, 386, FREN 335, 336, GERM 315, 316, 470, JAPN 370, JOUR 315, MEXA 405, R/ST 425I, SPAN 330, 341, W/ST 382

AREA VI. CULTURES, VALUES, BELIEFS (minimum 9 units)
Group 1. Western Tradition: Choose one course from either (a) or (b). a) AMST/HIST 477A, 477B, CLSC 310I, C/LT 349I/HIST 414I, C/LT 420I/HIST 310I, HIST 335, MUS 365I, R/ST 316; b) PHIL 100, 160, 203, 204, 330, 352, 360, 361, 363, R/ST 111, 324, 383I, 396, R/ST/HIST 482I
Group 2. Non-Western Traditions: Choose one course from either (a) or (b). a) ANTH 321, 323, 324, 331, 332, 333, 335, 336,A/ST 300I, 301I, 495I, HIST 341A, 341B, 382A, 382B, 383A, 382B, 385, 386, 431; b) ASAM 380, B/ST 353, PHIL 306, 307, R/ST 152, 331I, 341I, 343, 344, 351
Group 3. Additional Study: Choose another course from any of those listed in Area VI, Group 1a, 1b, 2a or 2b above.

AREA VII. HEALTH, WELL-BEING, LIFE MANAGEMENT (minimum 3 units)
Choose one course from ANTH 150, ECON 308, 309I, EDP 191, 357, HSC 420I, 422, 423, 425I, 427, 429, HEC 232, 312I, 323, 412, HDEV 307I, 357I, TED 388I, NRSG 481, PED 157, REC 320, 340I, SW 330, 331, SOC 135, 461I, 462, 463, W/ST 101

CONCENTRATION: A minimum of 24 units of which 15 must be at the upper division (300-400) level (with the exception of Biology, Geology and Mathematics where only 12 units at the upper division are required) from one of the disciplinary programs below.

AMERICAN INDIAN STUDIES:
Area I. Foundation Studies: Choose two courses from AIS 100, 101, 200
Area II. Selected Area Studies: Choose four courses (3 units each) from AIS 320, 340, 361, 420, 490, 497, 499
Area III: Additional Support and Area Studies: Choose two additional courses from any of those in Areas I or II not completed or from ANTH 317, 321, 322, 347, 349, ART 456, 457, HIST 372, MEXA 380, 420

AMERICAN STUDIES:
Area I. Foundation Studies: AMST 300, 490, 498
Area II. Emphasis: Choose five courses from one of the following groups: A) History: Choose from HIST 172, 173, 174, 372, 373, 375, 376, 378, 379, 471, 472, 473, 474I, 477A, 477B, 478, 479, 485A, 485B; <R> B) Political Science: Choose from POSC 100, 314, 315, 322, 327, 391, 412, 423 482 486; C) English: Choose from ENGL 370A, 370B, 474, 475, 476, 477A, 477B, 478

ANTHROPOLOGY:
Area I. Lower Division Foundation Studies: ANTH 110, 120
Area II. Additional Lower Division Study: Choose one course from ANTH 140, 170, 202
Area III. Upper Division Foundation Study: ANTH 313, 314
Area IV. Biological Anthropology: Choose one course from ANTH 318, 363, 435
Area V. Sociocultural Anthropology: Choose one course from ANTH 351, 416, 421, 436
Area VI. Comparative Cultures: Choose one course from ANTH 321, 322, 323, 324, 331, 332, 333, 335, 336, 345, 347, 349

ART/ART HISTORY EMPHASIS:
Area I. Foundation Study: Choose three courses from ART 112A, 112B, 113A, 113B
Area II. Principles and Practices: Choose one course from ART 307, 308, 309, 335, 435
Area III. Western Art: Choose one course from ART 401, 408, 409, 410, 416, 417, 423, 424, 425, 426, 427, 436, 437, 438, 439
Area IV. Non-Western Art: Choose one course from ART 455, 456, 457, 465, 466, 467, 468, 469, 470
Area V. Additional Upper Division Study: Choose two additional courses from any listed in Areas III or IV above.

ART/STUDIO EMPHASIS:
Area I. Foundation Study: ART 181, DESN 121
Area II. Selected Lower Division Study: ART 131, 187
Area III. Art History: ART 436, 437, 438, 439
Area IV. Selected Upper Division Study: Choose four courses from either group A or group B (Choice of groups depends upon Area II prerequisite course): Group A: Choose from ART 327A, 327B, 328, 354A, 354B, 355A, 355B, 356, 357A, 357B, 370, 376, 377, 378, 379, 381; Group B: Choose from ART 327A, 327B, 348A, 348B, 370, 376, 377, 378, 379, 381, 385A, 387A, 387B, 389

ASIAN AMERICAN STUDIES:
Area I. Lower Division Foundation Studies: ASAM 200, 220
Area II. Upper Division Foundation Studies: ASAM 345, 380
Area III. Additional Selected Study: Choose four courses (3 units each) from ASAM 310, 330, 340, 350, 370, 490, 499

BIOLOGY:
Area I. Lower Division Foundation: BIOL 210A, 210B, CHEM 111A;
Area II. Selected Upper Division Study: Choose three or four courses as needed to meet 12 unit minimum from A/P 335, 336, BIOL 313, 314, 315, 316, 324, 332, 333, 351, 360, 413, 417, 420, 421, 423, 424, 425, 427, 429, 438, 439, 450, 453, 460

BLACK STUDIES:
Area I. Introduction: B/ST 110
Area II. History: Choose one course from B/ST 120, 121
Area III. Selected Lower Division Study: Choose one course from B/ST 155, 160, 200, 210
Area IV. Humanities: Choose two courses from B/ST 340, 343, 346, 450
Area V. Social Studies: Choose three courses from B/ST 304, 325, 330, 332, 335, 337, 400, 410

COMPARATIVE LITERATURE:
Area I. Foundation Study: C/LT 261
Area II. Folklore, Mythology, Fairy Tales: Choose one course from C/LT 232, 402, 445, 452, 453
Area III. Theatre and Drama: Choose one course from C/LT/THEA 124, 324I, 325, 326, 421I, 422I, 428
Area IV. Literature and the Other Arts: Choose one course from C/LT 250, 410, 411I, 412I, 413I, 420I, 451I, HIST 310I
Area V. Literatures: Choose one course from C/LT 330A, 330B, 346, 349, 401, 403, 404, 430, 431, 432, 437, 438, 440
Area VI. Additional Selected Study: Choose three additional courses from any of the above or from any other Comparative Literature course.

ECONOMICS:
Area I. Lower Division Foundation Study: ECON 201, 202
Area II. Upper Division Foundation Study: ECON 308, 360
Area III. Additional Selected Study: Choose four additional upper division Economics classes exclusive of ECON 309I which may not be taken for Concentration credit. (With Economics Department approval, ECON 300 and an additional 4 unit Economics course may be substituted for ECON 201 and 202.)

ENGLISH/CREATIVE WRITING EMPHASIS:
Area I. Foundation Study: ENGL 184, 370B
Area II. Introductory Study: Choose one course from ENGL 205, 206
Area III. Advanced Study: Choose two courses from ENGL 405, 406, 407
Area IV. Additional Selected Study: Choose two courses from ENGL 370A, 384, 385, 386, 459, 467A, 467B, 469, 474, 475, 476, 477A, 477B, 479, THEA 380, 480 to a minimum total of 24 units in the Concentration

ENGLISH/LANGUAGE AND COMPOSITION EMPHASIS:
Area I. Foundation Study: ENGL 184, 325, 420, 421
Area II. Literature: Choose one Course from ENGL 250A, 250B, 370A, 370B
Area III. Additional Selected Study: Choose two courses from ENGL 300, 317, 423, 426, 410

ENGLISH/LITERATURE EMPHASIS:
Area I. Foundation Study: ENGL 184, 363
Area II. American Literature Survey: Choose one course from ENGL 370A, 370B
Area III. British Literature: Choose one course from ENGL 451, 452, 453, 455, 456, 458, 459, 462, 463, 467A, 467B, 468
Area IV. American Literature: ENGL 474, 475, 476, 477A, 477B, 478
Area V. Additional Selected Study: Choose two additional courses from those listed in Areas II, III or IV above or from C/LT 330A, 330B, ENGL 250A, 250B, 384, 469, 479, 481, 482 (One course must be at the upper division (300-400) level.)

ENGLISH/TECHNICAL WRITING EMPHASIS:
Area I. Foundation Study: ENGL 184, 317
Area II. Report Forms: Choose two courses from ENGL 417, 418, 491
Area III. Language Study: Choose one course from ENGL 320, 325
Area IV. Additional Selected Study: Choose two additional courses from ART 307, 309, CE 305, EIT 300, ENGL 303, 384, 405, 406, 407, 419, 423, 498 (Science as Literature), HIST 400I, NSCI 376I, QS 301, 305; RTVF 204, 404, 380 (One course must be at the upper division (300-400) level.)

FRENCH:
Area I. Foundation Studies: FREN 312A, 312B, 314, 411
Area II. Additional Selected Study: Choose three additional courses in French at least one of which is at the upper division (300-400) level. (Lower division (100-200) courses are only appropriate if taken prior to FREN 312A or its equivalent.)

GEOGRAPHY:
Area I. Lower Division Foundation Study: Choose three courses from GEOG 100, 140, 152, 160
Area II. Methods and Techniques: GEOG 380
Area III. Systematic Geography: a) Choose one course from GEOG 460, 466, 470; b) Choose one course from GEOG 440, 442, 444, 452, 455, 460, 466, 470 (No course used to satisfy Area III, Group (a) may be used to meet Group (b).)
Area IV. Regional Geography: a) Choose one course from GEOG 304, 306; b) Choose one course from GEOG 304, 306, 310I, 312I,316, 318, 320I, 326 (No course used to satisfy Area IV, Group (a) may be used to meet Group (b).)

GEOLOGY:
Students choosing this concentration must select the following courses in the Core: Math 122, 123, PHYS 151, or complete them as prerequisite units to this Concentration and elective units toward the degree).
Area I. Foundation Study: GEOL 102, 104, 105, 340, 341
Area II. Additional Selected Study: Choose four to five additional courses to a 12 unit minimum from GEOL 321, 324, 342, 372, 373, 427, 431, 433

GERMAN:
Area I. Foundation Studies: GERM 301, 302, 315, 316, 401
Area II. Additional Selected Study: Choose two additional German courses. (Lower division (100-200) courses are only appropriate if taken prior to GERM 301 or its equivalent.)

HISTORY:
Area I. Foundation Study: HIST 301
Area II. Area Studies: Choose two courses each from three different areas: World Area: Choose from HIST 110, 111, 112, 492; European Area: Choose from HIST 131, 132, 313, 314, 316, 317, 318, 332, 333, 335, 336, 337, 339, 341A, 341B, 411I, 432, 433, 437, 438, 441; British Area: Choose from HIST 151, 152, 351, 353, 356, 357, 451; Latin American Area: Choose from HIST 162A, 162B, 362, 364, 462, 463, 466; United States Area: Choose from HIST 172, 173, 300, 372, 373, 375, 376, 378, 379, 380, 469, 472, 473, 474I, 475, 477A, 477B, 478, 479, 480, 482I, 486, 489; Asian Area: Choose from HIST 382A, 382B, 383A, 383B, 385, 386, 406, 407, 488
Area III. Additional Selected Study: Choose an additional course from any of those listed above or from any History Department offering.

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT:
Students choosing this Concentration must complete the following courses in the Core: A/P 107 or 207, ANTH 120, PSY 100, or complete them as prerequisite units to the concentration and elective units toward the degree.
Area I. Foundation Study: HDEV 307I, 357I, 401, 402
Area II. Foundation Methodologies: HDEV 250, 320
Area III. Area Studies: Choose two courses from one area. Biological Foundations Area: Choose from A/P 400 or ANTH 319, A/P 401, ANTH 318, PSY 241; Psychological Foundations Area: Choose from C/D 361, EDP 305, PSY 331, 332, 333, 336, 337, 341, 345, 351, 356, 370, 438, 463; Sociocultural Foundations Area: Choose from AIS 339, ANTH 352, ASAM 340, B/ST 410, HEC 312I, 412, 413, MEXA 350, SOC 100, 320, 345, 464; Child Development Area: Choose from HEC 311, 312I, 314, 411, 412, 413, 433; Gerontology Area: Choose from A/P 401, GERN 400I, SOC 464

ITALIAN:
Area I. Foundation Study: ITAL 312A, 312B, 314
Area II. Additional Selected Study: Choose five additional courses, a minimum of two at the upper division (300-400) level from Italian Department courses. (Lower division (100-200) courses are not appropriate unless completed prior to ITAL 312A or its equivalent.)

JAPANESE:
Area I. Foundation Studies: JAPN 331A, 331B, 405A, 441A
Area II. Additional Selected Study: Choose three courses, at least one of which is at the upper division (300-400) level, from departmental offerings. (Lower division (100-200) courses are only appropriate if completed prior to JAPN 331A or its equivalent.)

LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES:
Area I. Language Studies: SPAN 201A, 201B
Area II. Discipline Emphasis: Choose two courses from one department from ANTH 323, 324, 345, HIST 162A, 162B, 362, 364, POSC 358, 359, 459, 461I* (*Only those semesters when content emphasizes Latin American development.) One course must be at the upper division (300-400) level.
Area III. Breadth Study: Choose two additional courses from two additional departments from those in Area II not completed or from GEOG 320I
Area IV. Additional Selected Study: Choose two additional courses from those in Area II or III or from HIST 433, 462, 463, 466, SPAN 312, 313, 314, 341, 430, 441, 445, 491, 492

MATHEMATICS:
Area I. Lower Division Foundation Studies: MATH 122, 123, 224, 233
Area II. Upper Division Foundation Studies: MATH 364A, 380
Area III. Additional Selected Study: Choose two courses from MATH 310, 317, 340, 341, 355, 361A, 381

MEXICAN AMERICAN STUDIES:
Area I. Foundation Study: Choose three courses from MEXA 100, 203, 205, 230
Area II. Humanities: MEXA 310, 405, 420
Area III. Social Sciences: Choose three courses from MEXA 300/HIST 470, MEXA 340, MEXA 350/SOC 340, MEXA 352, 400

MUSIC:
Students choosing this concentration must demonstrate piano proficiency equivalent to MUS 120B, voice proficiency equivalent to MUS 122A, instrument proficiency equivalent to MUS 125 or complete the equivalency courses as elective units toward the degree.
Area I. Foundation Studies: MUS 300, 390, 490
Area II. Selected Foundation Study: Choose one course from MUS 363I, 391, 393
Area IV. Additional Selected Study: Choose additional courses to a minimum of 14 units from those listed in Area II or from MUS 300, 320, 322, 325, 350, MUS/ART 375I, MUS 421, 425A, 450, 460, 461, 463, 464, 495

PHILOSOPHY:
Area I. Foundation Studies: Choose two courses from PHIL 342, 363, 382
Area II. Historical Focus: Choose one course from PHIL 413, 414, 421, 422, 423, 424
Area III. Movements and Perspectives: Choose one from PHIL 416, 417, 418, 419
Area IV. Additional Selected Study: Choose four additional courses from any of those above or from other Philosophy Department offerings.

PSYCHOLOGY:
Area I. Lower Division Foundation Studies: PSY 100, 200, 210
Area II. Basic Processes: Choose one course from PSY 331, 332,333, 336, 337, 341, 342
Area III. Personal and Social Processes: Choose one course from PSY 351, 356, 361, 365
Area IV. Processes/Additional Selected Study: Choose one additional course from any listed in Area II or III.
Area V. Applications: Choose one course from PSY 310, 314, 346, 352, 354, 359, 366, 370, 375, 378, 381, 473
Area VI. Additional Selected Study: Choose one additional upper division (300-400) level course from Psychology Department offerings.

RELIGIOUS STUDIES:
Area I. Foundation Study: Choose two courses from R/ST 100, 152, 291
Area II. Western Religious Traditions: Choose one course from R/ST 311, 321I, 314, 315I, 322, 324, 331I, R/ST 471I/HIST 411I, R/ST 472I, 485, 490, 494
Area III. Eastern Religions: Choose one course from R/ST 341I, 343, 344, 351
Area IV. Selected Upper Division Study: Choose two additional courses from those in Areas I, II or III not completed or fromR/ST 301, 375, 376, 383I, 396, 425I, 487
Area V. Additional Selected Study: Choose two additional courses from any in Areas I, II, III or IV not completed or from ASAM 380, C/LT 342, HIST 333, PHIL 330, R/ST 499

RUSSIAN:
Area I. Foundation Studies: RUSS 310, 312, 314
Area II. Additional Selected Study: Choose five additional courses from offerings in Russian. (Lower division (100-200) courses are only appropriate if taken prior to RUSS 310 or its equivalent.)

SOCIOLOGY:
Area I. Foundation Study: SOC 100, 142, 335I
Area II. Statistics: SOC 250, 255, C/ST 210
Area III. Ethnic and Gender Issues: Choose one course from SOC 325, 340, 426, 445, 485I
Area IV. Deviance and Social Control: Choose one course from SOC 345, 349, 423, 441, 448
Area V. Social Change and Global Issues: SOC 327, 347, 349, 350, 419, 420
Area VI. Additional Selected Study: Choose an additional upper division (300-400) level Sociology course.

SPANISH/SPANISH AMERICAN LITERATURE EMPHASIS:
Area I. Basic Language Study: SPAN 312, 313
Area II. Foundation Study: SPAN 341, 445
Area III. Selected Literary Study: Choose two courses from SPAN 410, 441, 491
Area IV. Additional Selected Study: Choose two additional Spanish courses. (Lower division (100-200) courses are only appropriate if completed prior to SPAN 312 or its equivalent.)

SPANISH/SPANISH LINGUISTICS AND CULTURE EMPHASIS:
Area I. Basic Language Study: SPAN 312, 313
Area II. Foundation Study: SPAN 425, 426
Area III. Selected Study/Linguistics and Culture: Choose two courses from SPAN 412, 427, 430, 445
Area IV. Additional Selected Study: Choose two additional Spanish courses. (Lower division (100-200) courses are only appropriate if completed prior to SPAN 312 or its equivalent.)

SPANISH/SPANISH LITERATURE EMPHASIS:
Area I. Basic Language Study: SPAN 312, 313
Area II. Foundation Study: SPAN 330, 430
Area III. Selected Literary Study: Choose two courses from SPAN 410, 439, 491, 492
Area IV. Additional Selected Study: Choose two additional Spanish courses. (Lower division (100-200) courses are only appropriate if completed prior to SPAN 312 or its equivalent.)

SPEECH COMMUNICATIONS:
Area I. Lower Division Foundation Study: SPCH 130, 131, 210 + 210W
Area II. Upper Division Foundation Study: SPCH 300, 301, 309
Area III. Selected Upper Division Study: Choose one course from SPCH 331, 335
Area IV. Communication Strategies: Choose one course from SPCH 436, 437




EFFECTIVE: Fall 1991