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Basic Geographic Profiling Analyst Training

Lorie Velarde & Kim Rossmo

  1. Administration and Introduction

A.  Overview of Week

    1. Environmental Criminology
    2. Geography of Crime
    3. Search Exercise
    4. Mathematical Concepts
    5. Linkage Analysis
    6. Geographic Profiling
    7. Final Examination
  • Overview of Day
  1. Crime Series Map Exercise

A.  Introduction to the series

B. Case information

  • Behavioral Geography
    • Least effort principle
    • Mental maps
    • Awareness space
    • Activity space
    • Anchor point
    • Exercise
  • Rational Choice Theory
    • Theory assumptions
    • Basic concepts
    • Exercise
  • Routine Activity Theory
    • Motivated offenders
    • Suitable targets
    • Lack of capable guardian
  • Crime Pattern Theory
    • Environmental cues
      • Templates
      • Target selection
    • Comfort zone
    • Buffer zone
    • Exercise
  • Place, Space, and Time
    • Space versus place
    • Hierarchy of space
    • Street layouts
    • Temporal patterns
  • Review of Day One and questions
  1. Crime Series Map Exercise
  • Aggregate Offender Pattern and Hotspots
    1. Hotspots defined
    2. Violent crime patterns
    3. Property crime patterns
  • Crime Attractors and Generators
    • Crime attractors defined
    • Crime generators defined
    • Crime rates at attractors/generators
    • Expected patterns
    • Case examples
  • Learning and Displacement
    • Types of displacement
    • Case examples
    • Learning defined
    • Displacement as investigative tool
  • Crime Location Types
    • Site types defined
    • Site type combinations
    • Case example: abduction/murder
  • Hunting Methods
    • The hunting process
    • Hunting methods
      • Search
      • Attack
    • Exercise
  • Criminal Hunting Grounds and Target Backcloth
    • Hunting grounds
    • Hunting method
    • Target distribution
    • Fishing holes and trap lines
    • Exercise
  • Review of Day Two and questions

  1. Crime Series Map Exercise
  • Search Exercise
    • Meet and distribute guidelines
    • Debriefing
  • Journey to Crime
    • Crime trip defined

2.         Research

    • Distance measurements
    • Search patterns
  • Serial Crime; Investigative Difficulties
    • Crime series defined
    • Indications of a crime series
    • Investigative difficulties
      • Pressures
      • Information overload
      • High costs
      • Linkage blindness
      • Lack of interagency cooperation
  • Serial Robbery, Burglary, and Arson
    • Robbery
      • Bank robbery
      • Robbery flight process
    • Burglary
      • Type of residence
      • Type of street
      • Land-use to the rear
      • Gain-oriented burglars
      • Sexually-motivated burglars
    • Arson
      • Arsonist profile
      • Arsonists by motivation
      • Arson target backcloth
      • Video: Hunt for the Serial Arsonist
  • Review of Day Three and questions
  1. Crime Series Map Exercise
  • Linkage Blindness and Analysis
    1. Crime linkage defined
    2. Linkage blindness defined
    3. How blindness leads to investigative errors
    4. Crime baseline
    5. Computer linkage systems
  • Crime Linkage Variables
    • Variables defined
    • Description variables
    • Weighting of variables
    • Target variables
    • M.O. factor variables
  • Matrix Crime Linkage Method
    • Demo of method
    • Variable Exercise
  • Crime Linkage – Individual
    • Linkage methods
    • Variable types
    • Case example
    • Individual exercise – child murders
  • Crime Linkage Spreadsheet
    • Linkcalc spreadsheet
    • Exercise - individual
  • Crime Linkage – Group
    • Group exercise – child murders
  • Review of Day Four and questions

  1. Crime Series Map Exercise Answer
    1. Discussion
    2. Students receive their maps
    3. Geography and Criminal Investigations; Questions to Consider
    • Use of geography in investigations
    • Historical methods
    • Case examples
    • Geography questions
    1. Body Disposal; Child Abduction Murder
    • Location types
    • Studies
    • Journey to crime
    • Case example

E.Geographic Profiling

  • Geography of crime to algorithm
  • Key terms
  • Use in criminal investigations
  • Performance
  • Training programs
  • Course examination
    • Review information
    • Provide guidelines
    • Start examination
  • Course evaluation
  • Review of Course
    • Round table discussion
      • Anything of interest
      • Additional topics
      • Mentorship program
      • Information on Week Two Training
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